The thread must be a minimum of 250 words. MINIMUM OF TWO SOURCES BESIDES THE TE

Published by

Jan 20, 2023


Struggling with a similar assignment? Don’t know where to start? Don’t have time to work on this? Get a high-quality paper written for you from scratch – PLAGIARISM FREE, guaranteed to get you a good grade. To get started, please click on the Submit Your Instructions at the bottom of the page.

The thread must be a minimum of 250 words. MINIMUM OF TWO SOURCES BESIDES THE TEXTBOOK. Must cite at least 2 sources in addition to the Bible.
TEXTBOOK: Bennett, B. T. (2018). Understanding, assessing, and responding to terrorism: Protecting critical infrastructure and personnel (2nd ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. ISBN: 9781119237785.
Critical Infrastructure (CI) are businesses and government structures that the president has deemed to be extremely important to the operations of the government and country through Presidential Policy Directive 21 (PPD-21). If these industries fail the country will suffer in some way, which could include a food shortage if the Food and Agriculture Sector has a disaster. The disaster could be a flood or weather event but it could also be human made. According to Bennett, “Agroterrorism is the malicious use or threatened use of biological, chemical, or radiological agents against some component of the agriculture sector (livestock, food supply, crops, or workers) in such a way as to adversely impact a component of the agriculture industry, the economy or the consuming public” (Bennett, 2018, p 46). Crops are at risk from weather events but also these human created events.
            Hard targets are those that are more difficult to attack because they are protected by security and other physical ways that keep people out. Many but not all federal buildings are hard targets because many have fence lines that keep people out. Some may be protected 24/7 by security control points. Soft targets are those that are not as protected, such as a water treatment plant or chemical plant. Hard targets are known to attract attention of people who may want to do harm but soft targets may not seem like places that would be attacked. According to Bennett, “Terrorists will continue to have an interest in attacking hard targets but are also showing an increased interest in soft targets since they are often ill protected”. (Bennett, 2018, p 37) There has been an increase in cyber attacks on soft targets. Some of the critical infrastructure uses industrial control systems (ICS) which operates the machinery. An issue with ICS is that many do not have built in protections to protect from adversary attacks. According to Maglaras, “The operators can take control of the system remotely and issue commands such as opening a valve, setting a temperature point or starting/stopping a pump” (Maglaras et al, 2018, p 1). This is great to control the systems while the operator is not directly on location, such as during a snow storm when it is physically impossible to drive to the site. However, that means others who are not supposed to be on the system may also try to control it.
            The term cascading effect means that if the CI were to fail it would effect other industries and lead to more and more problems for the country. This could be that the power plant is attacked and the area suffers from a power outage. Now that there is no power schools and businesses cannot operate. This may also lead to a shortage of a particular item that is made in the area effected. An example can be seen when Hurricane Laura destroyed a chlorine chemical plant in Louisiana. Chorine priced jumped up, most noticeable for swimming pool chlorine for more than just the type of chlorine that was produced at this plant, so other types of chlorine went in shortage. While only an added expense and hassle to pool owners and overall, not a major impact on the country it came at the tail end of the toilet paper shortage. According to the Bible, “Fear not, for I am with you; be not dismayed, for I am your God; I will strengthen you, I will help you, I will uphold you with my righteous right hand.” (English Standard Version, 2001/2008, Isaiah 41:10). The panic shows what happens when running on fear.
            In the area I live the most important CI would be between the government facilities sector and the defense industrial base sector. I live about an hour from DC in central Maryland, so there are a lot of jobs either working for the government directly or working as a contractor. If either of those sectors cannot function due to a natural or man-made disaster the area economy would suffer. The area is also stable through economic downturns because the government workers and for the most part the contractors historically have gotten paid throughout the hard times. If that were to change, the area would have no idea how to function.
English Standard Version Bible. (2001/2008). Crossway Bibles.
Forrester, J. S. (2022, November 3). Kik completes rebuild of biolab chlorine plant. Retrieved January 17, 2023, from
Maglaras, L., Ferrag, M., Derhab, A., Mukherjee, M., Janicke, H., & Rallis, S. (2018). Threats, Countermeasures and Attribution of Cyber Attacks on Critical Infrastructures. EAI Endorsed Transactions on Security and Safety, 5(16)


Need Writing Help? Our writing specialists are here 24/7, every day of the year, ready to support you! Instantly chat with an online tutor below or click here to submit your paper instructions to the writing team.

More than just an assignment.

Explore Now →

Who is this homework service for?

* If you are having a really hard class and want to get through it, then this is for you.

* If you have a medical emergency or someone close to you has a medical emergency and you don’t think you’ll be able to turn your assignment on time, this is definitely a service you could use.

* You can use us if you are having a tough Professor who won’t give you the grades you deserve.

* If you have a tight work schedule and you are getting points deducted for not submitting assignments on time.

* English might not be your first language and you feel like you are being left behind in class because of it.

* If you have a large project coming up and don’t think you have enough time to get it done well, definitely reach out to us.


Super stoked you are checking us out! We would like to help you with your assignment. We just need a few things from you:

* The full assignment instructions as they appear on your school account.

* If a Rubric is present, make sure to attach it.

* Any relevant weekly readings or learning resources.

* Include any special announcements or emails you might have gotten from your Professor regarding your assignment.

* Any templates or additional files required to complete the assignment.

If your assignment is somewhat complex and you need to explain it, please don’t hesitate to reach out to me via live chat. 



Frequently asked questions

How soon can I get my paper done?

It depends with your deadline. If you need your paper completed in 3 hours, we will deliver it in that time. All you need to do is indicate your deadline in our custom order page here. Alternatively, if you are sending us your instructions via email, please be sure to indicate your deadline.

Will it be completely original? I don't want to be caught in a case of Academic Integrity Violation.

We are as paranoid as you are. Maybe even more! And we understand that the greatest sin you can commit in your academic journey is plagiarizing your academic work. To that end, we have made sure that we check and double-check our papers using high quality plagiarism detection tools such as SafeAssign and Turnitin before submitting the paper to you.

Who is my writer? Is he/she a native English Speaker?

All our writers are native English Speakers. That is not to say that ESL writers are not good, we just prefer hiring native writers because we want the very best people working on your paper. This might mean paying a little bit more for your paper as opposed to when you pay a foreign company whose writers are non-native English Speakers.

What if I need revisions? Will your charge additional for this?

Of course not! If you do happen to require a revision on your paper, our team will handle it for you free of charge. Matter of fact, we won’t rest till you are happy with your paper. So, ask for as many revisions as you need, it’s completely FREE!

Will you give me my money back if I don't like my paper?

We have very few instances where we delivered a paper that a client didn’t fall in love with. But if it so happens that you don’t like your paper for any reason whatsoever, we’ll refund your money back no questions asked.

I have more assignments after this, can you help me with those too?

Of course! And what’s even better is that we can reserve a writer permanently to work on your entire class. This comes in handy for projects which build up on each other and where you need just one writer, one writing style.

I got my order information wrong, can I change that?

Yes you can. Just reach out to our support team via email ( or live chat here and they’ll help you change the instructions.

Can I place an order via email instead of going through the order page?

Yes you can. Email Anna at, she’s in charge of our sales team. Alternatively, you can talk to our Live Chat team here and request to speak to Anna.

Trusted by Thousands of Students

Delivering quality assignments since 2007

%d bloggers like this: